Illness, social disadvantage, and sexual risk behavior in adolescence and the transition to adulthood

Citation

Alley, Jenna; Owen, Rebecca Y.; Wawrzynski, Sarah E.; Lasrich, Lauren; Ahmmad, Zobayer; Utz, Rebecca; & Adkins, Daniel E. (2020). Illness, social disadvantage, and sexual risk behavior in adolescence and the transition to adulthood. bioRxiv.

Abstract

This study investigated the influence of illness on sexual risk behavior in adolescence and the transition to adulthood, both directly and through moderation of the impact of social disadvantage. We hypothesized positive effects for social disadvantages and illness on sexual risk behavior, consistent with the development of faster life history strategies among young people facing greater life adversity. Using the first two waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we developed a mixed effects multinomial logistic regression model predicting sexual risk behavior in three comparisons, risky nonmonogamous sex vs. 1) safer nonmonogamous sex, 2) monogamous sex, and 3) abstinence, by social characteristics, illness, interactions thereof, and control covariates. Multiple imputation was used to address a modest amount of missing data. Subjects reporting higher levels of illness had lower odds of having safer nonmonogamous sex (OR = 0.84, p < .001), monogamous sex (OR = 0.82, p < .001), and abstinence (OR = 0.74, p < .001) vs. risky nonmonogamous sex, relative to individuals in better health. Illness significantly moderated the sex (OR = 0.88, p < .01), race/ethnicity (e.g., OR = 1.21, p < .001), and childhood SES (OR = 0.94; p < .01) effects for the abstinent vs. risky nonmonogamous sex comparison. Substantive findings were generally robust across waves and in various sensitivity analyses. These findings offer general support for the predictions of life history theory. Illness and various social disadvantages are associated with increased sexual risk behavior in adolescence and the transition to adulthood. Analyses indicate that the buffering effects of several protective social statuses against sexual risk-taking are substantially eroded by illness.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1101/419010

Keyword(s)

Adolescent behavior

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

bioRxiv

Author(s)

Alley, Jenna
Owen, Rebecca Y.
Wawrzynski, Sarah E.
Lasrich, Lauren
Ahmmad, Zobayer
Utz, Rebecca
Adkins, Daniel E.

Year Published

2020

DOI

10.1101/419010

Reference ID

8970