Low-Income Female Students and the Reversal of the Black-White Gap in High School Graduation

Citation

Clark, Brian & Shi, Ying (2020). Low-Income Female Students and the Reversal of the Black-White Gap in High School Graduation. AERA Open, 6(2).

Abstract

This article shows that the traditional narrative of Black-White high school graduation gaps is inverted among economically disadvantaged female students. Two nationally representative surveys and statewide administrative data demonstrate that low-income White females graduate at rates 5 to 6 percentage points lower than Black peers despite having higher test scores. Greater rates of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use among White females account for one third of the attainment disparity. Since the early onset of substance use among low-income White females predicts lower attainment, more research on the factors leading to risky behaviors and their correlates during early adolescence is warranted. Examining racial gaps in high school graduation at the intersection of gender and income categories can inform more tailored interventions.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1177/2332858420915203

Keyword(s)

racial gap

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

AERA Open

Author(s)

Clark, Brian
Shi, Ying

Year Published

2020

Volume Number

6

Issue Number

2

DOI

10.1177/2332858420915203

Reference ID

9047