CitationRuppe, Nicole M.; Clawson, Ashley H.; Nwankwo, Cara N.; & Blair, Alexandra L. (2023). Longitudinal Associations Between Depression and Religiosity/Spirituality Among Individuals with Asthma in the United States. Journal of Religion and Health.
AbstractThere is limited literature examining the longitudinal stability of depressive symptoms for individuals with asthma, or how religiosity/spirituality relates to depressive symptoms across time. The present study aimed to identify the stability of and the longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and R/S across multiple developmental periods for adolesents with asthma (N = 998) within the United States. Depressive symptoms (βrange 0.33 − 0.60) and R/S (βrange 0.26 − 0.73) were stable across time, with some variability. A cross-lagged association demonstrated that use of R/S in young adulthood (Wave 3) was associated with decreased depressive symptoms in adulthood (β = -0.17, p < .001, CI − 0.25 - − 0.09, SE = 0.04). Use of R/S in adolescence (Wave 2) was predictive of increased depression in adulthood (β = 0.13, p < .001, CI 0.05 − 0.20, SE = 0.04). Results demonstrated differential relations between R/S and depressive symptoms across development, and highlight the potential importance of integrating conversations focused on R/S within healthcare settings, especially as R/S during young adulthood may buffer against or reduce depressive symptoms in adulthood.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleJournal of Religion and Health
Author(s)Ruppe, Nicole M.
Clawson, Ashley H.
Nwankwo, Cara N.
Blair, Alexandra L.