CitationWinfree, L. Thomas, Jr. & Jiang, Shanhe (2010). Youthful Suicide and Social Support: Exploring the Social Dynamics of Suicide-Related Behavior and Attitudes Within a National Sample of US Adolescents. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. vol. 8 (1) pp. 19-37
AbstractSince the late-nineteenth century, scholars have investigated how structural elements within a community—what is now called social support—relate to suicide. However, social support has rarely been used to study adolescent suicide, particularly within a nationally representative sample. The current study, using the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health), explores the ties between social support mechanisms and adolescent expressions of suicide ideation and suicide attempts. Using the 2-level hierarchical generalized linear modeling (HGLM) technique, the current study found that such phenomena can be understood in terms of social support and certain individual factors, some common to both ideation and attempts, others unique to one or the other. Moreover, suicide ideation and attempts were linked to the risk-taking behaviors of the youths, their friends, and their family members. Feeling safe at school was one of the most consistent protective factors included in the study.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleYouth Violence and Juvenile Justice
Author(s)Winfree, L. Thomas, Jr.