Drinking and driving among immigrant and US-born Hispanic young adults: Results from a longitudinal and nationally representative study

Citation

Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M.; Reingle, Jennifer M.; Jennings, Wesley G.; & Prado, Guillermo (2011). Drinking and driving among immigrant and US-born Hispanic young adults: Results from a longitudinal and nationally representative study. Addictive Behaviors. vol. 36 (4) pp. 381-388 , PMCID: PMC3065067

Abstract

Objective
To evaluate the risk factors associated with the initiation of driving under the influence (DUI) among Hispanics in a longitudinal and nationally-representative sample of adolescents and young adults. Specifically, this study tests the effect of demographic variables, individual-level risk factors, and eco-processes (e.g., peer drug use, parental involvement) during adolescence on DUI among Hispanic young adults.
Methods
Data were derived from 1734 Hispanic adolescents surveyed for the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Survey logistic regression procedures were used to examine the effects of nativity status on DUI initiation, to evaluate the independent effect of each risk factor (demographic, individual-level, and eco-processes), and to identify whether and to what extent these factors are associated with the initiation of DUI.
Results
The overall prevalence of DUI initiation was 18.3%. Differences were observed in the rates of DUI initiation by nativity status: first-generation immigrants reported the lowest rates of DUI initiation (15.4%) when compared with second-generation US-born Hispanic youth (17.4%) and third-generation and beyond US-born Hispanic youth (21.5%). US-born Hispanic youth were also more likely to report higher frequency of alcohol use (t = 3.46, p = 0.001) and marijuana use (t = 2.34, p = 0.021) compared to immigrant adolescents. After adjusting for a number of risk factors, men (OR = 2.86), marijuana users (OR = 1.98), and those who reported feeling safe in their neighborhoods (OR = 2.02) were at an increased risk DUI initiation.
Conclusions
Findings provide support for the “immigrant paradox”: immigrant youth reported lower rates of DUI initiation and other high-risk behaviors when compared with US-born Hispanic youth.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.addbeh.2010.12.017

Keyword(s)

Alcohol

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Addictive Behaviors

Author(s)

Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M.
Reingle, Jennifer M.
Jennings, Wesley G.
Prado, Guillermo

Year Published

2011

Volume Number

36

Issue Number

4

Pages

381-388

DOI

10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.12.017

PMCID

PMC3065067

NIHMSID

NIHMS263551

Reference ID

1358