The effect of gang membership on victimization: A behavioral genetic explanation

Citation

Barnes, J. C.; Boutwell, Brian B.; & Fox, Kathleen A. (2012). The effect of gang membership on victimization: A behavioral genetic explanation. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. vol. 10 (3) pp. 227-244

Abstract

The current study represents the first attempt to examine how genetic and environmental factors work in concert to influence gang membership, victimization, and the effect of gang membership on victimization experiences. Using data drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the present study employs behavioral genetic modeling (i.e., the ACE model and the DeFries-Fulker model) to examine these associations. The findings indicate that gang affiliation is influenced significantly by both genetic factors and environmental factors that are uniquely experienced by the individual. Controlling for heritable influences, gang membership increased the risk of victimization over time. The latter finding suggests that gang membership operates as a nonshared environmental influence on victimization.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177%2F1541204011429948

Keyword(s)

Genetic

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice

Author(s)

Barnes, J. C.
Boutwell, Brian B.
Fox, Kathleen A.

Year Published

2012

Volume Number

10

Issue Number

3

Pages

227-244

ISSN/ISBN

1541-2040

DOI

10.1177/1541204011429948

Reference ID

1600