The small-school friendship dynamics of adolescent depressive symptoms

Citation

Cheadle, Jacob E. & Goosby, Bridget J. (2012). The small-school friendship dynamics of adolescent depressive symptoms. Society and Mental Health. vol. 2 (2) pp. 99-119 , PMCID: PMC3627425

Abstract

Adolescence is a time when depressive symptoms and friendships both intensify. The authors ask whether friendships change in response to depressive symptoms, whether individual distress is influenced by friends’ distress, and whether these processes vary by gender. To answer these questions, the authors use longitudinal Simulation Investigation for Empirical Network Analysis models to study how changes in friendships and depressive symptoms intertwine with each other among all adolescents as well as boy-only and girl-only networks in seven smaller K-12 Add Health schools. The findings indicate that distressed youth are more likely to be socially excluded, though depressive symptoms are also a basis for friendship formation. Moreover, friends influence one another’s mood levels. These processes differ for boys and girls, however, such that distressed girls are more likely to face exclusion and distressed boys are more likely to befriend and subsequently influence one another.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2156869312445211

Keyword(s)

Depression

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Society and Mental Health

Author(s)

Cheadle, Jacob E.
Goosby, Bridget J.

Year Published

2012

Volume Number

2

Issue Number

2

Pages

99-119

ISSN/ISBN

2156-8693

DOI

10.1177/2156869312445211

PMCID

PMC3627425

NIHMSID

NIHMS402688

Reference ID

1706