General Strain Theory and substance use among American Indian adolescents

Citation

Eitle, Tamela McNulty; Eitle, David; & Johnson-Jennings, Michelle (2013). General Strain Theory and substance use among American Indian adolescents. Race and Justice. vol. 3 (1) pp. 3-30 , PMCID: PMC3696485

Abstract

Despite the well-established finding that American Indian adolescents are at a greater risk of illicit substance use and abuse than the general population, few generalist explanations of deviance have been extended to American Indian substance use. Using a popular generalist explanation of deviance, General Strain Theory, we explore the predictive utility of this model with a subsample of American Indian adolescents from waves one and two of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add-Health). Overall, we find mixed support for the utility of General Strain Theory to account for American Indian adolescent substance use. While exposure to recent life events, a common measure of stress exposure, was found to be a robust indicator of substance use, we found mixed support for the thesis that negative affect plays a key role in mediating the link between strain and substance use. However, we did find evidence that personal and social resources serve to condition the link between stress exposure and substance use, with parental control, self-restraint, religiosity, and exposure to substance using peers each serving to moderate the association between strain and substance use, albeit in more complex ways than expected.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2153368712460553

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Race and Justice

Author(s)

Eitle, Tamela McNulty
Eitle, David
Johnson-Jennings, Michelle

Year Published

2013

Volume Number

3

Issue Number

1

Pages

3-30

ISSN/ISBN

2153-3687

DOI

10.1177/2153368712460553

PMCID

PMC3696485

NIHMSID

NIHMS463777

Reference ID

1747