Watts, Hines Tami M. (2007). African American Female Adolescents and Antecedents of Pregnancy.
Although the pregnancy rate of teenage girls in the United States has decreased in recent years, African American female adolescents still have one of the highest teen pregnancy rates among girls in the United States. Previous studies report inconsistent relationships between adolescent pregnancy and self-esteem and parental communication, caring, and closeness. The purpose of this study was to assess relationships between pregnancy among African American female adolescents (7th to 12th grades) and self-esteem, communication levels and type of relationships with their parents. This study used data collected from The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Logistic regression analysis was used to determine if the independent variables of self-esteem, levels of parental caring and closeness and levels of communication with parents predicted the dependent variable of pregnancy. After controlling for age and levels of parental education, self-esteem was the only statistically significant variable that was associated with pregnancy. The findings of this study indicate that levels of self-esteem should be further investigated and that self-esteem may be an important factor when designing interventions to prevent adolescent pregnancy, particularly for African American females.
Type of Work: Dissertation
Watts, Hines Tami M.
University of Texas School of Public Health