The Differential Contributions of Teen Drinking Homophily to New and Existing Friendships: An Empirical Assessment of Assortative and Proximity Selection Mechanisms

Citation

Cheadle, Jacob E.; Stevens, Michael; Williams, Deadric; & Goosby, Bridget J. (2013). The Differential Contributions of Teen Drinking Homophily to New and Existing Friendships: An Empirical Assessment of Assortative and Proximity Selection Mechanisms. Social Science Research. vol. 42 (5) pp. 1297-1310 , PMCID: PMC3717352

Abstract

Alcohol use is pervasive in adolescence. Though most research is concerned with how friends influence drinking, alcohol is also important for connecting teens to one another. Prior studies have not distinguished between new friendship creation, and existing friendship durability, however. We argue that accounting for distinctions in creation-durability processes is critical for understanding the selection mechanisms drawing drinkers into homophilous friendships, and the social integration that results. In order to address these issues, we applied stochastic actor based models of network dynamics to National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data. Adolescents only modestly prefer new friendships with others who drinker similarly, but greatly prefer friends who indirectly connect them to homophilous drinkers. These indirect homophilous drinker relationships are shorter lived, however, and suggest that drinking is a social focus that connects adolescents via proximity, rather than assortativity. These findings suggest that drinking leads to more situational and superficial social integration.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2013.05.001

Keyword(s)

Alcohol

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Social Science Research

Author(s)

Cheadle, Jacob E.
Stevens, Michael
Williams, Deadric
Goosby, Bridget J.

Year Published

2013

Volume Number

42

Issue Number

5

Pages

1297-1310

DOI

10.1016/j.ssresearch.2013.05.001

PMCID

PMC3717352

Reference ID

4516