Life Course Transitions in Early Adulthood and Ses Disparities in Tobacco use

Citation

Pampel, Fred C.; Mollborn, Stefanie; & Lawrence, Elizabeth M. (2014). Life Course Transitions in Early Adulthood and Ses Disparities in Tobacco use. Social Science Research. vol. 43 pp. 45-59 , PMCID: PMC3840392

Abstract

A huge literature has documented adult socioeconomic disparities in smoking but says less about how these disparities emerge over the life course. Building on findings that smoking among adolescents differs only modestly by parental SES, we utilize a life course perspective on social differentiation to help explain the widening disparities in smoking in young adulthood. Our theory suggests that achieved socioeconomic status and the nature and timing of adult role transitions affect age-based trajectories of smoking and widen disparities in adult smoking. The analyses use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, which follows a representative national sample over four waves from ages 11-17 in 1994/95 to 26-34 in 2007/08. The results show divergent age trajectories in smoking by parental education and that achieved socioeconomic status and life course roles in young adulthood account in good part for differences in the age trajectories. The findings demonstrate the value of the life course perspective in understanding processes of increasing stratification in health behavior and health during the transition to adulthood.

URL

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X13001245

Keyword(s)

Smoking

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Social Science Research

Author(s)

Pampel, Fred C.
Mollborn, Stefanie
Lawrence, Elizabeth M.

Year Published

2014

Volume Number

43

Pages

45-59

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2013.08.005

PMCID

PMC3840392

Reference ID

4625