Adolescent Loneliness and Health in Early Adulthood

Citation

Goosby, Bridget J.; Bellatorre, Anna; Walsemann, Katrina M.; & Cheadle, Jacob E. (2013). Adolescent Loneliness and Health in Early Adulthood. Sociological Inquiry. vol. 83 (4) pp. 505-536 , PMCID: PMC3810978

Abstract

The health consequence of loneliness in the early life course is an understudied topic in the sociological literature. Using data from Waves 1–3 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we examine pre-disease pathways in the relationship between adolescent loneliness and early adult health. Our results indicate that loneliness during adolescence is associated with diagnosed depression, poorer adult self-rated health, and metabolic risk factors related to cardiovascular disease. High depressive symptoms and parent support are important pathways through which the health consequences of loneliness are exacerbated or offset. There is also evidence that lonely youth remain at higher risk for experiencing adult depression and poor self-rated health even in the presence of equivalent levels of parental support relative to non-lonely adolescents. Furthermore, lonely adolescent females are more vulnerable to reporting poor adult self-rated health and being overweight or obese in adulthood. In sum, our study demonstrates the importance of adolescent loneliness for elevating the risk of poor health outcomes in adulthood.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/soin.12018

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Sociological Inquiry

Author(s)

Goosby, Bridget J.
Bellatorre, Anna
Walsemann, Katrina M.
Cheadle, Jacob E.

Year Published

2013

Volume Number

83

Issue Number

4

Pages

505-536

ISSN/ISBN

1475-682X

DOI

10.1111/soin.12018

PMCID

PMC3810978

NIHMSID

NIHMS504649

Reference ID

4674