Toward a Bioecological Model of School Engagement: A Biometric Analysis of Gene and Environmental Factors

Citation

Maynard, Brandy R.; Beaver, Kevin M.; Vaughn, Michael G.; DeLisi, Matthew; & Roberts, Gregory (2014). Toward a Bioecological Model of School Engagement: A Biometric Analysis of Gene and Environmental Factors. Social Work Research. vol. 38 (3) pp. 164-176 , PMCID: PMC4267850

Abstract

School disengagement is associated with poor academic achievement, dropout, and risk behaviors such as truancy, delinquency, and substance use. Despite empirical research identifying risk correlates of school disengagement across the ecology, it is unclear from which domain these correlates arise. To redress this issue, the current study used intraclass correlation and DeFries-Fulker analyses to longitudinally decompose variance in three domains of engagement (academic, behavioral, and emotional) using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Findings suggest that nonshared environmental factors (that is, environmental contexts and experiences that are unique to each sibling) account for approximately half of the variance in indicators of school disengagement when controlling for genetic influences, and that this variance increases as adolescents grow older and rely less on their immediate family. The present study contributes new evidence on the biosocial underpinnings of school engagement and highlights the importance of interventions targeting factors in the nonshared environment.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093%2Fswr%2Fsvu018

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Social Work Research

Author(s)

Maynard, Brandy R.
Beaver, Kevin M.
Vaughn, Michael G.
DeLisi, Matthew
Roberts, Gregory

Year Published

2014

Volume Number

38

Issue Number

3

Pages

164-176

DOI

10.1093/swr/svu018

PMCID

PMC4267850

NIHMSID

NIHMS627169

Reference ID

5010