CitationUeno, K.; Vaghela, P.; & Ritter, L. J. (2014). Sexual Orientation, Internal Migration, and Mental Health during the Transition to Adulthood. Journal of health and social behavior. vol. 55 (4) pp. 461-81
AbstractPrevious research has suggested that sexual minorities may have higher rates of migration than heterosexuals, indicating their effort to escape stigma in the currently residing areas. However, direct evidence for the migration pattern has been lacking, and mental health implications of such coping effort have been unclear. This study seeks to fill these gaps in the literature by analyzing the Add Health data, which include longitudinal measures of residential locations, sexual orientation, and mental health. The analysis focuses on the transition to adulthood, when the rate of internal migration peaks. Among women, sexual minorities have a higher rate of migration than heterosexuals, but men do not show such a difference. Sexual minorities show better mental health when they migrate to counties with higher proportions of people living in urban areas whereas heterosexuals do not show such an association. Among sexual minority men, migration to counties with higher population density and higher proportions of college-educated residents is also linked to better mental health.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleJournal of health and social behavior
Ritter, L. J.