CitationTurkheimer, Eric & Harden, K. Paige (2014). Behavior Genetic Research Methods: Testing Quasi-Causal Hypotheses Using Multivariate Twin Data. In Judd, Charles M. & Reis, Harry T. (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods in Social and Personality Psychology (pp. 159-187). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
AbstractResearch design is inextricably linked to data analysis. Research designs can be divided into three fundamental categories: experimental design, quasi-experimental design, and nonexperimental or passive observational design. This chapter focuses almost exclusively on experimental design, for two main reasons. In an experimental design there are always at least two factors such as fixed and random factors or independent variables, variables that are considered to influence the dependent variable response. The chapter discusses a series of questions that must be answered regarding each individual factor in a design. It considers the possible ways that multiple factors included in a single experiment may be interrelated. Multiple factors in a design can be crossed, nested, or confounded. Issues involving the dependent measures in a study are also part of experimental design, and these choices can influence statistical conclusion validity (power), internal validity, construct validity, and external validity.
Reference TypeBook Chapter
Book TitleHandbook of Research Methods in Social and Personality Psychology
Harden, K. Paige