Conviction or Incarceration?: What’s Driving Unemployment for ex-Offenders?


Philippon, Cassandra (2020). Conviction or Incarceration?: What’s Driving Unemployment for ex-Offenders?.


In addition to the criminal justice sanction prescribed to an offender, individuals also often face a variety of collateral consequences after completing their punishment. Most US adults that are under correctional supervision are on probation, not incarcerated or on parole (BJS 2015). Research commonly conflates criminal conviction and incarceration, however. While these two concepts share several consequences, there are many differences as well. It is well established that those with a conviction history face disenfranchisement, exclusion from public services and employment barriers, but those who are incarcerated are also separated from their families, friends, and the workforce. This study explores differences in shaming and stigma for those who are convicted but not sentenced to jail or prison compared to those who were both convicted and served time incarcerated, using the in-home survey from Add Health data

Reference Type

Conference paper

Book Title

Western Society of Criminology Annual Meeting


Philippon, Cassandra

Year Published


City of Publication

Phoenix, AZ

Reference ID