Association of High Traditional Masculinity and Risk of Suicide Death: Secondary Analysis of the Add Health Study

Citation

Coleman, Daniel; Feigelman, William; & Rosen, Zohn (2020). Association of High Traditional Masculinity and Risk of Suicide Death: Secondary Analysis of the Add Health Study. JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract

In the United States, men die by suicide at 3.5 times the rate of women. One driver of this gender disparity may be high traditional masculinity (HTM), a set of norms that includes competitiveness, emotional restriction, and aggression. Quantitative studies of HTM are interrelated with discourse on hegemonic masculinity. Using norm- and trait-based measures, HTM men were found to have higher suicidal ideation (SI), but to our knowledge, the association with suicide death has not been tested with a credible measure of HTM.Add Health is a nationally representative study of adolescents into adulthood. Feigelman and colleagues found 9 Add Health variables associated with suicide (Figure, A and B) and weak nonsignificant effects for depression and gun access. This study hypothesizes that HTM is associated with suicide, depression, gun access, and the 9 variables previously noted. No prediction was made for HTM regarding SI or suicide attempts.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.4702

Keyword(s)

suicide

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

JAMA Psychiatry

Author(s)

Coleman, Daniel
Feigelman, William
Rosen, Zohn

Year Published

2020

ISSN/ISBN

2168-622X

DOI

10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.4702

Reference ID

5939