Associations between the neighborhood social environment and obesity among adolescents: Do physical activity, screen time, and sleep play a role?

Citation

Saelee, Ryan; Gazmararian, Julie A.; Haardörfer, Regine; & Suglia, Shakira F. (2020). Associations between the neighborhood social environment and obesity among adolescents: Do physical activity, screen time, and sleep play a role?. Health & Place. vol. 64

Abstract

This study examines: (1) the association between the neighborhood social environment and obesity among adolescents, (2) whether physical activity, screen time, and short sleep mediates this association, and (3) examine sex differences. Participants (n = 12,692; age 11–19 years old) came from Waves I and II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Neighborhood social disorganization and socioeconomic status (NSES) measures were associated with obesity adjusting for sex, race, age, parental education, and urbanicity. Screen time mediated NSES and obesity. Very short sleep duration (<6 h) mediated social disorganization and obesity among females only. Findings suggest improving neighborhood social conditions may reduce the risk for obesity.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102380

Keyword(s)

Pediatric obesity

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Health & Place

Author(s)

Saelee, Ryan
Gazmararian, Julie A.
Haardörfer, Regine
Suglia, Shakira F.

Year Published

2020

Volume Number

64

ISSN/ISBN

1353-8292

DOI

10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102380

Reference ID

5955