CitationGordon, Mellissa S.; Russell, Beth S.; & Finan, Laura J. (2019). The Influence of Parental Support and Community Belonging on Socioeconomic Status and Adolescent Substance Use over Time. Substance Use and Misuse. pp. 1-14
AbstractBackground-Despite a growing trend in community-based research, studies investigating the influence of multi-level community factors on individual-level outcomes remain relatively sparse. Objective-The current study aimed to extend this literature by investigating the association between community disadvantage measured at the community level, and adolescents' substance use over time. Additionally, this study also investigated the influence of parental support and community belonging on this association. Methods-Data were drawn from Waves I and III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health data set. Using a multi-level modeling approach, we tested the association between community disadvantage and substance use during adolescence. Second, to determine if this association held longitudinally, we examined the influence of community disadvantage on substance use over time, into young adulthood. Lastly, we tested the moderating effects of parental support and community belonging on the association between community disadvantage and substance use during adolescence and young adulthood. Results-Findings suggested that individuals experiencing the greatest disadvantage were less likely to engage in substance use in comparison to those experiencing the greatest advantage. Conclusions/Importance.-Differential effects of parental support and community belonging on community disadvantage and substance use were also found. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleSubstance Use and Misuse
Author(s)Gordon, Mellissa S.
Russell, Beth S.
Finan, Laura J.