Hoffman, H. J. (2014). Epidemiology of dizziness in adolescence: The Add Health Longitudinal Study.
The 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Child Balance Supplement (CBS) is the first nationally-‐representative survey devoted to pediatric balance problems (N=10,954). Based on parent’s report, 5.3% of U.S. children (3.3 million) aged 3-‐17 years, had a problem with dizziness, balance or falling during the past year; 3.7%, 5.0% and 7.2% for 3-‐7, 8-‐12 and 13-‐17 years, respectively. Percentages are adjusted for the complex sample design, which also ensures correct variance estimates for significance testing and calculation of 95% confidence intervals. 1.9% (1.1 million) children were reported with light-‐headedness, fainting, or feeling he/she is about to pass out; 2.4% (1.5 million) were reported as having body or motor coordination problems or clumsiness; 1.6% (1 million) were reported with poor balance, an unsteady or woozy feeling that makes it difficult to stand-‐up or walk; 1.3% (0.8 million) were reported as having frequent falls. Logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios. Overall, balance problems are significantly associated with age, other developmental delays, frequent headaches/migraines, recurring headaches other than migraine, seizures, stuttering/stammering, learning disabilities, and excessive sleepiness during the day. The prevalence estimates will be used as a baseline for Healthy People 2020 objectives that promote increased utilization of health care for diagnosis and treatment of children with these problems.
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Hoffman, H. J.
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