Intergenerational Associations Between Parental Incarceration and Children’s Sexual Risk Taking in Young Adulthood

Citation

Le, G. T.; Deardorff, J.; Lahiff, M.; & Harley, K. G. (2018). Intergenerational Associations Between Parental Incarceration and Children's Sexual Risk Taking in Young Adulthood. J Adolesc Health. vol. 64 (3) pp. 398-404

Abstract

PURPOSE Research on parental incarceration and the health of offspring is relatively scarce despite studies linking childhood adverse experiences to a range of physical and mental health conditions. This study aimed to estimate the associations between parental incarceration and sexual risk outcomes (early sexual onset, inconsistent condom use, and sexually transmitted infections [STIs]) in young adulthood METHODS We used logistic regression to estimate associations of sexual risk taking behaviors with parental incarceration during childhood in a sample of 3,972 participants in The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) between 2001 and 2009. RESULTS Parental incarceration was associated with early sexual onset (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.03-2.03) and STIs (AOR =2.0, 95% CI = 1.3-3.2). Maternal incarceration was associated with increased odds of early sexual onset (AOR = 3.6, 95% CI = 1.9-6.7), inconsistent condom use (AOR = 3.4, 95% CI = 1.3-8.9), and STIs (AOR = 5.5, 95% CI = 1.7-17.6). Additionally, paternal incarceration and parental incarceration occurring before age 10 were associated with STIs (AOR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.1-2.8; AOR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.1-3.7). CONCLUSIONS Parental incarceration, especially maternal imprisonment, is associated with risky sexual behavior and sexually transmitted infections in young adults in the United States. Intervening during or prior to the adolescent developmental period may ameliorate risky sexual behaviors and related health outcomes among children of incarceration parents.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.09.028

Keyword(s)

Adolescent

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

J Adolesc Health

Author(s)

Le, G. T.
Deardorff, J.
Lahiff, M.
Harley, K. G.

Year Published

2018

Volume Number

64

Issue Number

3

Pages

398-404

Edition

12/06

ISSN/ISBN

1054-139x

DOI

10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.09.028

Reference ID

6111