Social withdrawal and delinquency and violent behavior over the life course: A network perspective


Niño, Michael & Cai, Tianji (2014). Social withdrawal and delinquency and violent behavior over the life course: A network perspective. 2014 Add Health Users Conference. Bethesda, MD.


Social withdrawal is considered one of the most commonly identified dimensions of behavioral dysfunction among children. While prior social withdrawal research has established that children are likely to experience negative behavioral and social outcomes, few studies have attempted to unpack the long-term effect social withdrawal in adolescence has on delinquent and violent behavior. Using Waves I-IV of the Add Health, we examined the extent to which different forms of social withdrawal influence these behaviors over the life course. Results demonstrate that adolescents in active isolation (sent nominations but did not receive nominations), along with the completely withdrawn (no sent nomination r received nominations) are no more likely to engage in delinquent and violent behavior when compared to students with more robust network ties. Adolescents that received peer nominations but did not send any nominations, on the other hand, were found to be more delinquent and violent when compared to those with more robust ties. These findings indicate that youth who receive some recognition from peers within their respective school but do not acknowledge peer friendships within the school are at a much higher risk for engaging in behaviors attributed to poor health outcomes throughout the life course.


Reference Type

Conference proceeding

Book Title

2014 Add Health Users Conference


Niño, Michael
Cai, Tianji

Year Published


City of Publication

Bethesda, MD

Reference ID