CitationMorrison, Leslie F.; Sieving, Renee E.; Pettingell, Sandy L.; Bearinger, Linda H.; Hellerstedt, Wendy L.; & McMorris, Barbara J. (2014). Contraceptive use among college women: Results from a national survey. 2014 Add Health Users Conference. Bethesda, MD.
AbstractPurpose: Using emerging adult developmental theory and a youth development framework, we explored risk and protective factors associated with consistent contraceptive use among emerging adult female college students, and whether effects of risk factors were ameliorated in the presence of protective factors. Data: Wave III data from females ages 18-25 attending 4-year colleges (N= 842). Variables: Consistent contraceptive use was defined as use "all of the time" during intercourse in the past 12 months. Risk indicators included heavy episodic drinking (>5 drinks at least 2 times/month), marijuana use (past month), and depressive symptoms (10 items from the CES-D). Protective factors included self-esteem (4 items from the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale), and responses to questions about confidence ("How confident are you of yourself?"), independence ("How independent are you?"), and life satisfaction ("How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?"). Analysis: We used multivariable logistic regression models to evaluate relationships between protective factors and consistent contraceptive use and between risk indicators and contraceptive use. We also examined whether protective factors moderated effects of risk indicators on consistent contraceptive use. Results: In multivariable analyses, self-esteem, confidence, independence, and life satisfaction were positively associated with consistent contraceptive use. Marijuana use and depressive symptoms were negatively associated with consistent use.
Reference TypeConference proceeding
Book Title2014 Add Health Users Conference
Author(s)Morrison, Leslie F.
Sieving, Renee E.
Pettingell, Sandy L.
Bearinger, Linda H.
Hellerstedt, Wendy L.
McMorris, Barbara J.