CitationZamora-Kapoor, A.; Monico, Caro; Omidpanah, A.; Buchwald, Dedra; Harris, Raymond; & Jimenez, Nathalia (2014). BMI and musculoskeletal pain among Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. 2014 Add Health Users Conference. Bethesda, MD.
AbstractBackground: Hispanic adolescents exhibit, on average, a higher BMI than non-Hispanic Whites but report lower frequencies of musculoskeletal pain. This paper examines the extent to which Hispanics' acculturation, identified with the language spoken at home, could be explaining this racial/ethnic gap. Design: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to determine the role of BMI, acculturation, socio-demographic, behavioral, and socio-economic variables in adolescents' reported frequency of musculoskeletal pain. Subjects: We used a sample of 11,616 adolescents identified as Hispanic or non-Hispanic White from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, wave I (1994). We classified our subjects into three groups: English-speaking non-Hispanic White (ESW), English-speaking Hispanic (ESH), and Spanish-speaking Hispanic (SSH). Methods: We employed a proportional odds logistic regression using ESW as a reference category. Results: Most variables of our model were statistically significant. After controlling for BMI, socio-demographic, behavioral, and socio-economic variables, we found that both ESH and SSH were less likely to report an incrementally higher frequency of musculoskeletal pain than ESW. Conclusion: Our findings provided evidence that acculturation is associated with adolescents' reported frequency of musculoskeletal pain.
Reference TypeConference proceeding
Book Title2014 Add Health Users Conference