Sotero, Michelle (2016). The effects of adverse childhood experiences on subsequent injury in young adulthood: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. 2016 Add Health Users Conference.
The objective of this study was to examine the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in the context of family and community and the likelihood of subsequent unintentional and intentional, nonfatal injury in young adulthood (ages 24-32 years). Using a cross sectional study design, data from Waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative sample (n = 14,800) was used to examine the relationship between 16 types of ACEs and a cumulative ACE score and the odds of seven injury outcomes in young adulthood. Over a third (37.6%) of young adults sustained at least one of the seven injury outcomes. Most (93.4%) participants endorsed at least one ACE type with a mean ACE score of 2.99 (SE, 0.26). Overall, child maltreatment, particularly physical abuse and emotional neglect, tended to have a strong influence on the odds of both unintentional and intentional injury as a young adult (p<.05). Interpersonal loss, such as a family member or friend’s suicide attempt or experiencing the death of a parent tended to have a strong influence on the odds of intentional injuries (p<.05). With the exception of suicide attempt, we found a significant graded relationship between the number of ACE exposures and injury. For every additional ACE endorsed, the odds of injury were: Serious Injury (odds ratio (OR):1.16), Motor Vehicle Accident (OR: 1.09), Physical IPV (OR: 1.13), Sexual IPV (OR: 1.22), Shot/Stabbed (OR: 1.16), Beaten Up (OR: 1.25). This study suggests that exposure to ACEs in childhood and adolescence are risk factors that increase the odds of subsequent injury in young adulthood.
2016 Add Health Users Conference
City of Publication