A safe place to grow up? Trajectories of adolescent violent victimization across neighborhood types


Warner, Tara D. (2016). A safe place to grow up? Trajectories of adolescent violent victimization across neighborhood types. 2016 Add Health Users Conference. Bethesda, MD.


Violent victimization is concentrated among youth, and has numerous negative consequences, including increasing subsequent victimization. Although criminologists are exploring trajectories of victimization over the life course, few recognize that these trajectories do not develop in a vacuum, but unfold in a system of interacting contexts. Particularly important are neighborhood contexts, which structure the risks and opportunities to which adolescents are exposed. Drawing on life course theory and intersectionality, the current study explores victimization as a developmental process unfolding differently across types of neighborhoods. Using all four waves of Add Health in-home survey data and neighborhood compositional indicators from the Wave I Contextual and Wave I Obesity and Neighborhood Environments (ONE) databases, with gender-stratified three-level growth models, the current study examined how direct (experienced) and indirect (witnessed) violent victimization trajectories differed across neighborhood types (measured via latent class analysis), and whether such differences were explained by key risk/protective factors (e.g., school/parent attachment). Analyses illustrate an age-victimization curve and that neighborhood type affects initial levels of and age-graded change in violent victimization, suggesting that violent victimization is context specific. Victimization patterns remain unexplained (are in fact exacerbated) by individual, peer, and family factors.



Reference Type

Conference proceeding

Book Title

2016 Add Health Users Conference


Warner, Tara D.

Year Published


City of Publication

Bethesda, MD

Reference ID