CitationRoettger, Michael; Boardman, Jason D.; & Swisher, Raymond R. (2012). Parental incarceration, health outcomes, and the moderating role of internalizing/externalizing behaviors among young adults in the US. 2012 Add Health Users Conference. Bethesda, MD.
AbstractExperiencing a parent undergo incarceration is an increasingly common lifecourse event for children and young adults. While a growing body of research has linked parental incarceration with a number of adverse outcomes, few studies have linked parental incarceration with physical health issues in children and adults. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we use longitudinal methods to examine the relationship between parental incarceration and physical health among adolescents and young adults. Building on recent research which suggests that internalizing and externalizing behaviors moderate health outcomes, we examine how the effects of parental incarceration on physical health may vary by whether respondents engage in internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Our findings suggest that parental incarceration is associated with increased risk for health issues that include asthma, heart disease, migraine headaches, and STIs. Externalizing and internalizing processes are also found to moderate longitudinal health risks for obesity and self-rated health among women. Taken as whole, our findings suggest that parental incarceration is associated with increased risk of having physical health issues in early adulthood, particularly for women who do not engage in externalizing behaviors.
Reference TypeConference proceeding
Book Title2012 Add Health Users Conference
Boardman, Jason D.
Swisher, Raymond R.