Assessing the roles of peer and parental support in adolescence and adulthood as moderators in the association between childhood sexual maltreatment and adult depression

Citation

Musliner, Katherine L. & Singer, Jonathan B. (2012). Assessing the roles of peer and parental support in adolescence and adulthood as moderators in the association between childhood sexual maltreatment and adult depression. 2012 Add Health Users Conference. Bethesda, MD.

Abstract

To determine whether peer and parental support in adolescence and adulthood moderate the association between childhood sexual maltreatment (CSM) and adult depression, analyses were conducted using data from waves I and IV of the restricted version of Add Health. Peer and parental support were measured using individual items and item scales from waves I and IV. Outcome measures included two assessments of depression: current depression measured using a 10 item sub-scale of the CES-D, and lifetime depression measured using self-reported history of diagnosis. Multiple logistic regression models adjusted for gender, race, age and non-sexual childhood maltreatment showed that high peer and parental support in adulthood predicted lower rates of current depression for all participants, regardless of CSM history. For lifetime depression, all measures of support were associated with lower rates of depression among participants with no CSM history, but among survivors of CSM, only parental support in adolescence was significantly associated with lower rates of depression (OR = .60, 95% CI [.40, .91]). Among survivors of CSM, only parental support in adolescence appears to protect against a lifetime history of depression. This analysis provides the first data to support the long-term benefits for reducing depression of focusing on support during adolescence for victims of CSM.

URL

https://addhealth.cpc.unc.edu/wp-content/uploads/docs/events/2012%20Add%20Health%20Users%20Conference%20Abstracts.pdf

Reference Type

Conference proceeding

Book Title

2012 Add Health Users Conference

Author(s)

Musliner, Katherine L.
Singer, Jonathan B.

Year Published

2012

City of Publication

Bethesda, MD

Reference ID

6421