CitationLee, Rosalyn D. & Fang, Xiangming (2012). Parental incarceration history and social exclusion: Impact of parental gender and child age at onset on young adult outcomes. 2012 Add Health Users Conference. Bethesda, MD.
AbstractThis study investigates the relationship between parental incarceration history (PIH) and young adult social exclusion (SE) outcomes and whether the association differs by gender of parent and developmental stage of child. Analyses utilized Wave 1 and Wave 4 data of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Dependent variables were an overall measure and three domains of SE -- material, relational, and justice system related. Independent variables were timing of first occurrence of maternal and paternal incarceration. Negative binomial and logistic regression models controlling for confounders were utilized to assess associations between PIH and SE. PIH was more strongly associated with material than relational SE; with the strongest association between PIH and young adult incarceration history. Maternal incarceration was more strongly associated with material and justice system related SE; while paternal incarceration was more strongly associated with relational SE. Larger effects were found for first occurrence of parental incarceration during adolescence as compared to childhood or young adulthood. Young adults who report parental incarceration history are at increased risk for SE. Maternal and paternal incarceration and age of child at first parental incarceration have different impacts on young adult outcomes. Additional studies are needed to identify factors that reduce risk of SE in children who face disadvantage, disruptions, and instability due to PIH.
Reference TypeConference proceeding
Book Title2012 Add Health Users Conference
Author(s)Lee, Rosalyn D.