The longitudinal relationship between alcohol consumption and serious violence


Jones, Roland; Zammit, Stanley; Van Den Bree, Marianne; & Taylor, Pamela J. (2012). The longitudinal relationship between alcohol consumption and serious violence. 2012 Add Health Users Conference. Bethesda, MD.


There is a known association between acute alcohol consumption and violence, but the longitudinal relationship between adolescent alcohol consumption and later violence is not well understood. Our hypothesis was that teenage drinking would be an independent predictor of later violence. To investigate the longitudinal association between patterns and quantity of alcohol consumption and subsequent serious violence (controlling for important individual, household and neighborhood characteristics), we perform ordinal and logistic regression modeling using Add Health data from Waves I-IV, using complex survey design methods. The number of individuals exposed to alcohol at Wave I associated with at least one incident of violence at Wave II (the number needed to harm, NNH) was also calculated. All measures of alcohol use at Wave I were significantly associated with serious violence at Wave II, after adjusting for confounders. Frequency and quantity of alcohol use at Wave I were also associated with significant violence at Wave III, but not at Wave IV. The relationship between alcohol and violence was similar for boys and girls. The adjusted NNH for alcohol consumption at Wave I was 68, and for binge drinking was 34. Alcohol intoxication is associated with subsequent serious violence, and public health strategies to target early alcohol consumption may be beneficial in the prevention of serious violence equally in both boys and girls.


Reference Type

Conference proceeding

Book Title

2012 Add Health Users Conference


Jones, Roland
Zammit, Stanley
Van Den Bree, Marianne
Taylor, Pamela J.

Year Published


City of Publication

Bethesda, MD

Reference ID