Are Feminine Body Weight Norms Different for Black Students or in Black Schools? Girls’ Weight-Related Peer Acceptance across Racialized School Contexts

Citation

Martin, Molly A.; Thomas, Tori; Adler, Gary J.; & Kreager, Derek A. (2020). Are Feminine Body Weight Norms Different for Black Students or in Black Schools? Girls’ Weight-Related Peer Acceptance across Racialized School Contexts. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. vol. 61 (2) pp. 239-258

Abstract

Adolescent girls with overweight or obesity are less socially integrated than their thinner peers. We examine racial-ethnic differences in girls weight-related friendship patterns, especially noting Black white distinctions given their different norms about the ideal feminine form. We also test whether schools with more Black students see diminished weight-related differences in peer integration for all girls and/or for Black girls. Using 1994-1995 data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we predict the number of friendship nominations girls receive conditional on their weight status, race-ethnicity, and school?s racial composition. Both white and Black girls with overweight or obesity are less integrated than their thinner peers regardless of the school's Black enrollment rate. Hispanic girls with overweight are more integrated than white girls with overweight, particularly in schools with low Black enrollments. The relative consistency of girls' weight-related friendship patterns demonstrates the ubiquity of dominant feminine thinness norms.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1177/0022146520920599

Keyword(s)

adolescent girls

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Journal of Health and Social Behavior

Author(s)

Martin, Molly A.
Thomas, Tori
Adler, Gary J.
Kreager, Derek A.

Year Published

2020

Volume Number

61

Issue Number

2

Pages

239-258

DOI

10.1177/0022146520920599

Reference ID

6466