Monahan, E. K. (2019). Examining How Community Poverty, Family Structure, and Community Involvement Influence the Earnings of Youth. Poverty and Public Policy.
vol. 11 (1-2) pp. 138-155
The field ofneighborhood effects has grown over the past few decades, and the impact ofneighborhoods is often significant for youth outcomes and development. Using Add Health data, this study examines how community poverty, family structure, and community involvement during adolescence predict income in young adulthood. Multilevel modeling allows us to see how these variables operate within community‐level effects to impact young adult income. The results of a random intercept model suggest that community poverty does have a significant, negative association with young adult income. Additionally, when the random effects of community poverty are accounted for, family structure does not appear to be an important predictor of income. The interaction of family structure with community poverty, however, suggests that single‐mother family structures have a protective effect in higher‐poverty neighborhoods. Moreover, interactions between community poverty and community involvement suggest greater youth community involvement in high‐poverty neighborhoods may have a negative influence on adult income.
Export Date: 12 August 2019
Poverty and Public Policy
Monahan, E. K.