Crosnoe, R. (2001). Parental Involvement in Education: The Influence of School and Neighborhood. Sociological Focus.
vol. 34 (4) pp. 417-434
Drawing on the life course paradigm, this study views school-based forms of parental involvement in education as elements of the linked lives of family members that are embedded in larger social contexts. Estimating multi-level models on a sample of 6,141 adolescents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, I find that parental participation in school activities and interaction with school personnel is largely a function of the characteristics and behaviors of parents and adolescents, but that, to a lesser extent, these phenomena are influenced by characteristics of the schools that adolescents attend (e.g., school size) and the neighborhoods in which families live (e.g., urbanicity, poverty level). Ethnicity moderates the influence of both school and neighborhood on parents' educational involvement, with minority parents' involvement more contingent on social context, especially school context.