CitationUeno, Koji & Krause, Alexandra (2019). Occupational Attainment and Depressive Symptoms in Young Adulthood. Stress and Health. vol. 0
AbstractPast studies have shown that various aspects of occupational attainment (unemployment, job instability, low occupational status, and low earnings) are associated with poor mental health, but each of these studies focused on one or two aspects of occupational attainment, and it remains unclear whether their associations are independent of each other. Further, little is known about whether negative self assessments of occupational attainment are linked to poor mental health. We sought to overcome these limitations of past research while focusing on depressive symptoms as a mental health outcome and young adulthood as a life stage context. The study analyzed US data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n=13,178) using OLS models. The analysis showed that all aspects of occupational attainment were associated with depressive symptoms in the expected directions. Further, unemployment, job instability, and negative self assessment of career progress showed stronger associations, and those associations were independent of other occupational attainment variables. Overall, the results suggested that understanding requires close attention to the life stage context.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleStress and Health