Kapa, Ryan (2019). Long-Term Outcomes Associated with Educational Security Policies.
School leaders employ different educational security policies to keep students secure within school buildings. Schools have become criminalized places, relying on punitive discipline and measures of control. Researchers identify negative outcomes associated with educational security policies, though there is a gap in literature related to long-term outcomes related to educational attainment, occupational prestige, and fiscal realization and school criminalization. I utilize a nationally representative sample to examine individual-level experiences with school discipline and school-level experiences with security policies. Multilevel modeling is utilized to examine the association between school criminalization and educational attainment, occupational prestige, and fiscal realization. Results show that suspension and expulsion are associated with reduced long-term outcomes, while school resource officers are associated with less educational attainment.
American Educational Research Association 2019 Annual Meeting
City of Publication
Toronto, Ontario, Canada