CitationYohros, Alexis; Ford, Jason; & Hinojosa, Melanie (2018). Dating violence victimization and substance use: The role of a serotonin transporter gene polymorphism (5HTTLPR). Drug and Alcohol Dependence. vol. 189 pp. 178-186
AbstractWhile there is developing research on how genes moderate the effect of stressful life events on substance use, the limited research has yet to focus on specific stressors. As adolescent dating violence victimization has been linked to various substance use behaviors, the current research seeks to further examine the longitudinal outcomes of adolescent dating violence victimization and the role that genes play in moderating these effects. Specifically, using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a series of logistic and negative binomial regressions are run to analyze the direct and interactive effects of adolescent dating violence victimization and a polymorphism (5HTTLPR) in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene on both alcohol use problems and marijuana use. The results find that 5HTTLPR interacts with adolescent dating violence victimization to increase odds of marijuana use for the sample. However, the interaction between 5HTTLPR and adolescent dating violence has differential effects for males and females, suggesting sex differences regarding the susceptibility properties of 5HTTLPR. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Keyword(s)Adolescent Dating Violence 5HTTLPR Gene-Environment Interactions Promoter Polymorphism Substance Use Outcomes Stressful Life Events
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleDrug and Alcohol Dependence