Pathways of health and human capital from adolescence into young adulthood

Citation

Kane, J. B.; Harris, K. M.; Morgan, S. P.; & Guilkey, D. K. (2018). Pathways of health and human capital from adolescence into young adulthood. Social Forces. vol. 96 (3) pp. 949-976

Abstract

Social inequalities in health and human capital are core concerns of sociologists, but little research examines the developmental stage when such inequalities are likely to emerge-the transition to adulthood. With new data and innovative statistical methods, we conceptually develop, and empirically operationalize, pathways of physical health and human capital accumulation from adolescence into young adulthood, using an autoregressive cross-lagged structural equation model. Results reveal that pathways of health and human capital accumulate at differential rates across the transition to adulthood; evidence of cross-lagged effects lends support for both social causation and health selection hypotheses. We then apply this model to assess the presence of social inequality in metabolic syndrome-the leading risk factor of cardiovascular disease in the United States. Findings document social stratification of cardiovascular health that is robust to both observed and unobserved social and health selection mechanisms. We speculate that this social stratification will only increase as this cohort ages. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. All rights reserved.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093%2Fsf%2Fsox079

Notes

Export Date: 4 June 2018

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Social Forces

Author(s)

Kane, J. B.
Harris, K. M.
Morgan, S. P.
Guilkey, D. K.

Year Published

2018

Volume Number

96

Issue Number

3

Pages

949-976

Edition

December 8, 2017

DOI

10.1093/sf/sox079

Reference ID

6821