Race-ethnicity, union status, and change in body mass index in young adulthood

Citation

Kroeger, Rhiannon A. & Frank, Reanne (2018). Race-ethnicity, union status, and change in body mass index in young adulthood. Journal of Marriage and Family. vol. 80 (2) pp. 444-462

Abstract

This study used data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health and fixed effects regression to consider whether associations between change in union status and change in body mass index (BMI) were moderated by race-ethnicity. The results indicated that intimate unions were differentially associated with gains in BMI along racial-ethnic lines, especially for women. When compared with White women, marriage was associated with larger increases in BMI for Black, Hispanic, and Multiracial women, and cohabitation was associated with larger increases for Black and Hispanic women. In contrast, marriage and cohabitation were associated with less weight gain for Asian when compared with White women. Among men, racial-ethnic differences in the relationship between union status and BMI were similarly patterned but less pronounced. The results suggest that marital status further exacerbates racial-ethnic disparities in BMI from adolescence to young adulthood.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jomf.12454

Keyword(s)

cohabitation ethnicity health disparities marriage obesity race

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Journal of Marriage and Family

Author(s)

Kroeger, Rhiannon A.
Frank, Reanne

Year Published

2018

Volume Number

80

Issue Number

2

Pages

444-462

Edition

January 10, 2018

ISSN/ISBN

1741-3737

DOI

10.1111/jomf.12454

Reference ID

6867