Longitudinal impact of weight misperception and intent to change weight on body mass index of adolescents and young adults with overweight or obesity

Citation

Rancourt, Diana; Thurston, Idia B.; Sonneville, Kendrin R.; Milliren, Carly E.; & Richmond, Tracy K. (2017). Longitudinal impact of weight misperception and intent to change weight on body mass index of adolescents and young adults with overweight or obesity. Eating Behaviors. vol. 27 (Supplement C) pp. 7-13

Abstract

Accurate perception of one's weight status is believed to be necessary to motivate weight loss intention and subsequent weight loss among those with overweight/obesity. This proposed pathway, however, is understudied in longitudinal research. This study examined the indirect effect of weight change intention on the relationship between weight status perception and BMI change among adolescents with overweight/obesity. Participants included 2664 adolescents with overweight/obesity (52% female) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Longitudinal associations between Wave II weight status perception (accurate versus misperception) and intent to change weight (i.e., gain, lose, stay the same) on BMI change (Wave II–Wave IV) were examined using multiple linear regression. Indirect effects of weight change intention were investigated using the Monte Carlo method. Analyses were stratified by gender. Accurate perceivers (81.0% female; 60.1% male) were more likely than misperceivers (i.e., perception of “about the right weight”) to report weight loss intention (p<0.001). Among females, weight status misperception and weight loss intention individually were associated with smaller (β=−1.37, 95% CI [−2.64, −0.10]) and greater (β=1.18, 95% CI [0.11, 2.25]) BMI gains, respectively. Among males, fully adjusted models suggested that weight status misperception was associated with significantly smaller gains in BMI over time (β=−1.51, 95% CI [−2.38, −0.63]). Weight change intention did not emerge as an indirect effect for either gender. Although weight status misperception was protective against weight gain, weight change intention did not provide an explanation for this relationship.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2017.08.002

Keyword(s)

Adolescent Weight misperception Weight trajectory Weight loss intent Overweight

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Eating Behaviors

Author(s)

Rancourt, Diana
Thurston, Idia B.
Sonneville, Kendrin R.
Milliren, Carly E.
Richmond, Tracy K.

Year Published

2017

Volume Number

27

Issue Number

Supplement C

Pages

7-13

Edition

August 18, 2017

ISSN/ISBN

1471-0153

DOI

10.1016/j.eatbeh.2017.08.002

Reference ID

6907