An intersectional look at the “rush to adulthood”: Considering the role of gender, race and SES in the link between precocious transitions and adult antisocial behavior

Citation

Augustyn, Megan Bears & Jackson, Dylan B. (2017). An intersectional look at the “rush to adulthood”: Considering the role of gender, race and SES in the link between precocious transitions and adult antisocial behavior. Youth and Society.

Abstract

Research suggests a link between precocious transitions to adulthood (e.g., high school dropout) and maladaptation, and this association is typically assumed to be uniform. We propose that this monolithic portrayal of precocious transitions as problematic for adult functioning is unwarranted, particularly across identities defined by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status (SES). Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we use propensity score methodology to demonstrate that the effects of precocious transitions on adult antisocial behavior vary. Results indicate a general null effect of experiencing any precocious transition among low SES subgroups regardless of gender and race/ethnicity and criminogenic effects among more economically privileged subgroups, with the exception of Hispanic females. Additional analyses reveal that the effect of individual transitions further vary in significance across social identities, displaying a criminogenic effect among some subgroups and a null/protective effect among others. Implications for theory and future research are discussed.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0044118X17725245

Keyword(s)

life course,precocious transitions,SES,race/ethnicity,gender

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Youth and Society

Author(s)

Augustyn, Megan Bears
Jackson, Dylan B.

Year Published

2017

Edition

August 14, 2017

DOI

10.1177/0044118x17725245

Reference ID

7094