CitationWilkinson, Andra L.; Fleming, Paul J.; Halpern, Carolyn Tucker; Herring, Amy H.; & Harris, Kathleen Mullan (2018). Adherence to gender-typical behavior and high-frequency substance use from adolescence into young adulthood. Psychology of Men and Masculinity. vol. 19 (1) pp. 145-155
AbstractSubstance use is prevalent among adolescents in the U.S., especially males. Understanding the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between gender norms and substance use is necessary to tailor substance use prevention messages and efforts appropriately. This study investigates the relationship between adherence to gender-typical behavior (AGB) and substance use from adolescence into young adulthood. Participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health completed self-report measures on the frequency of binge drinking, cigarette smoking and marijuana use as well as various behaviors and emotional states that captured the latent construct of AGB. Sex-stratified logistic regression models revealed cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between AGB and high frequency substance use. For example, an adolescent male who is more gender-adherent, compared to less adherent males, has 75% higher odds of high frequency binge drinking in adolescence and 22% higher odds of high frequency binge drinking in young adulthood. Sex-stratified multinomial logistic regression models also revealed cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between AGB and patterns of use. For example, a more gender-adherent adolescent male, compared to 1 who is less adherent, is 256% more likely to use all 3 substances in adolescence and 66% more likely to use all 3 in young adulthood. Cross-sectional and longitudinal results for females indicate greater gender-adherence is associated with lower odds of high frequency substance use. These findings indicate adherence to gender norms may influence substance use behaviors across the developmental trajectory, and inform strategies for prevention efforts.
Keyword(s)Adolescent development Gender norms Substance use
NotesExport Date: 3 January 2017 Article in Press
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitlePsychology of Men and Masculinity
Author(s)Wilkinson, Andra L.
Fleming, Paul J.
Halpern, Carolyn Tucker
Herring, Amy H.
Harris, Kathleen Mullan