Non-parametric Bayes models for mixed scale longitudinal surveys


Kunihama, T.; Halpern, C. T.; & Herring, A. H. (2019). Non-parametric Bayes models for mixed scale longitudinal surveys. Journal of Royal Statistical Society Series C.


Modeling and computation for multivariate longitudinal surveys have proven challenging, particularly when data are not all continuous and Gaussian but contain discrete measurements. In many social science surveys, study participants are selected via complex survey designs such as stratified random sampling, leading to discrepancies between the sample and population, which are further compounded by missing data and loss to follow up. Survey weights are typically constructed to address these issues, but it is not clear how to include them in models. Motivated by data on sexual development, we propose a novel nonparametric approach for mixed-scale longitudinal data in surveys. In the proposed approach, the mixed-scale multivariate response is expressed through an underlying continuous variable with dynamic latent factors inducing time-varying associations. Bias from the survey design is adjusted for in posterior computation relying on a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm. The approach is assessed in simulation studies, and applied to the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health.



Mixed-scale data


Originally available via arxiv (June 08, 2016)

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Journal of Royal Statistical Society Series C


Kunihama, T.
Halpern, C. T.
Herring, A. H.

Year Published



April 02

Reference ID