Krause, Alexandra (2018). Differences in employment outcomes between persons with and without disabilities.
The purpose of this study is to examine how disabilities in adolescence are associated with employment outcomes in young adulthood. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), I analyze the implications of four disability types (physical, learning, intellectual, and multiple disabilities) on three employment outcomes (earnings, employer-provided benefits, and occupational status). Analyses based on ordinary logistic regression and Poisson regression show that learning disability is associated with lower earnings, fewer employer-provided benefits, and lower occupational status. Education and occupational status partially mediate the relationship between learning disability and earnings and fully mediate the relationship between learning disability and employer-provided benefits. The relationship between learning disability and occupational status is partially mediated by education and discrimination. Intellectual disability is associated with fewer employer-provided benefits. Multiple disabilities are associated with lower earnings and fewer employer-provided benefits. Educational and occupational status partially mediate these relationships. Physical disability does not have an effect on employment outcomes. Thus, the association between disability and employment depends on the combination of disability types and employment outcomes. Learning and multiple disabilities are associated with particularly worse outcomes.
ProQuest document ID 2173323814
Florida State University
City of Publication
Ann Arbor, Michagan