Thompson, Frances F. (2018). How sibling closeness and perceived parental tratment relate to achievement outcomes in a national longitudinal study of adolescent health.
Despite the fact that the majority of individuals in the United States have at least one sibling, little research has been conducted on the dynamics of this relationship. Specifically, few studies have examined the impact of sibling closeness on academic outcomes. Close sibling relationships have been found to lead to higher social capital, fewer delinquent behaviors, and increased self-esteem (Bankston & Zhou, 2002; Oropesa & Landale, 1997; Putnam, 2000). Educational attainment refers to the amount of education a person completes over time, generally measured in years or by degrees achieved (Ryabov, 2011). In addition to sibling closeness, it is reasonable to assume that how children feel that they are treated by their parents, in comparison to their siblings, could also impact their achievement outcomes. This dissertation aims to explore how close relationships among siblings as well as perceived parental treatment measured during adolescence predict educational attainment as young adults. Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) was used in this study. It was expected that siblings who reported closer relationships with one another early in life would have higher levels of educational attainment as young adults. Additionally, it was expected that siblings who felt they were treated equitably by their parents would be more likely to have higher achievement outcomes. Thus, sibling closeness and perceived equitable parental treatment were hypothesized to positively impact an individual’s level of achievement. Also, I explored whether perceived parental treatment moderated the influence of sibling closeness on academic achievement. I expected that sibling closeness would be especially beneficial when youth perceived their parents as treating them equitably.
Thompson, Frances F.
10933166 Proquest ID: 2113950324
Alliant International University
City of Publication
Ann Arbor, MI