Criminal justice involvement, drug use, and depression among African American children of incarcerated parents

Citation

Kopak, Albert M. & Smith-Ruiz, Dorothy (2016). Criminal justice involvement, drug use, and depression among African American children of incarcerated parents. Race and Justice. vol. 6 (2) pp. 89-116

Abstract

The incarcerated population in the United States is disproportionately African American and many inmates are parents of children under the age of 18. Recent reports show that African American children were significantly more likely than White children to have a parent in prison. Emerging research has also begun to investigate some of the effects that parental incarceration can have on children, but little has focused exclusively on the population of African American youth. This study draws on the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to examine how having a father, a mother, or both parents incarcerated may be associated with an array of adverse life circumstances (i.e., criminal justice contact, drug use, and depression) for African American children. Differences were examined among children who had (a) an imprisoned mother, (b) an imprisoned father, (c) both parents imprisoned, and (d) neither parent imprisoned. Results indicated that having different parents imprisoned early in life was differentially associated with negative outcomes during emerging adulthood. These findings have important implications for the development of prevention and intervention programs for African American children of incarcerated parents.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177%2F2153368715586633

Keyword(s)

African/Black Americans

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Race and Justice

Author(s)

Kopak, Albert M.
Smith-Ruiz, Dorothy

Year Published

2016

Volume Number

6

Issue Number

2

Pages

89-116

Edition

May 17, 2015

DOI

10.1177/2153368715586633

Reference ID

7890