Invisible Victims: Delayed Onset Depression among Adults with Same-Sex Parents


Sullins, Donald Paul (2016). Invisible Victims: Delayed Onset Depression among Adults with Same-Sex Parents. Depression Research and Treatment. vol. 2016


The relationship of elevated depression risk recently discovered among adult persons raised by same-sex parents with possible precipitating conditions in childhood has not previously been acknowledged. This study tests whether such inattention is supportable. Logistic regression based risk ratios were estimated from longitudinal measures of mental health outcomes observed in three waves (at ages 15, 22, and 28) of the US National Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health (n=15,701). At age 28, the adults raised by same-sex parents were at over twice the risk of depression (CES-D: risk ratio 2.6, 95% CI 1.4-4.6) as persons raised by man-woman parents. These findings should be interpreted with caution. Elevated risk was associated with imbalanced parental closeness and parental child abuse in family of origin; depression, suicidality, and anxiety at age 15; and stigma and obesity. More research and policy attention to potentially problematic conditions for children with same-sex parents appears warranted. © 2016 D. Paul Sullins.



Export Date: 5 July 2016

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Journal Article

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Depression Research and Treatment


Sullins, Donald Paul

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