Social network effects on academic achievement

Citation

Bond, Robert M.; Chykina, Volha; & Jones, Jason J. (2017). Social network effects on academic achievement. The Social Science Journal. vol. 54 (4) pp. 438-449

Abstract

How peer groups contribute to educational outcomes has long interested researchers. However, the possibility that peer groups dominated by either low- or high-achieving youth can have substantively different effects on achievement has been largely ignored. In this paper, we show that while being embedded in a high-achieving network of friends is not associated with increased own achievement, being embedded in a low-achieving network is associated with decreased own achievement. In additional analyses, we present evidence that these associations are at least in part due to influence, as opposed to only selection effects or shared environment. We also examine whether the structure of the network in which a student is embedded might affect their educational achievement. We show that achieving at higher levels positively predicts how centrally located a student is in their network, but being more centrally located does not predict concurrent achievement. This finding suggests that the behavior of individuals is affecting the formation of network structure and not the reverse.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soscij.2017.06.001

Keyword(s)

Academic achievement Social networks Social influence

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

The Social Science Journal

Author(s)

Bond, Robert M.
Chykina, Volha
Jones, Jason J.

Year Published

2017

Volume Number

54

Issue Number

4

Pages

438-449

Edition

June 26, 2017

DOI

10.1016/j.soscij.2017.06.001

Reference ID

8108