Citationvan Draanen, Jenna; Prelip, Michael; & Upchurch, Dawn M. (2017). Consumption of fast food, sugar-sweetened beverages, artificially-sweetened beverages and allostatic load among young adults. Preventive Medicine Reports. vol. 10 pp. 212-217
AbstractThis study investigates the associations between recent consumption of fast foods, sugar-sweetened beverages, and artificially-sweetened beverages on level of allostatic load, a measure of cumulative biological risk, in young adults in the US. Data from Wave IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health were analyzed. Negative binomial regression models were used to estimate the associations between consumption of fast foods, sugar-sweetened, and artificially-sweetened beverages and allostatic load. Poisson and logistic regression models were used to estimate the associations between these diet parameters and combined biomarkers of physiological subsystems that comprise our measure of allostatic load. All analyses were weighted and findings are representative of young adults in the US, ages 24–34 in 2008 (n=11,562). Consumption of fast foods, sugar-sweetened, and artificially-sweetened beverages were associated with higher allostatic load at a bivariate level. Accounting for demographics and medication use, only artificially-sweetened beverages remained significantly associated with allostatic load. When all three dietary components were simultaneously included in a model, both sugar and artificially-sweetened beverage consumption were associated with higher allostatic load. Differences in allostatic load emerge early in the life course and young adults consuming sugar or artificially-sweetened beverages have higher allostatic load, net of demographics and medication use. Public health messages to young adults may need to include cautions about both sugar- and artificially-sweetened beverages.
Keyword(s)Allostasis Young adult Fast foods Dietary sugars Artificial sweeteners
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitlePreventive Medicine Reports
Author(s)van Draanen, Jenna
Upchurch, Dawn M.