Wong, Allen W. (2017). Immigration and Victimization: Applications of Criminological Concepts to the Lesser-Known Side of the Immigration and Crime Nexus.
In recent decades, scholarly interest on immigration and crime has been on the rise. This increase in interest has even recently produced an academic consensus on the structural-level relationship between immigration and crime: on average, changes in immigration levels do not disproportionately increase crime rates. However, what is less explored in the literature is the individual-level relationship between immigration and criminal victimization, and specifically, the role played by criminological variables among generations of immigrant ethnic groups and their victimization experiences. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), this dissertation examines the individual-level relationship between immigration and victimization. Specifically, it looks at the effects of criminological concepts from self-control theory and routine activities theory on the victimization of immigrant generations and immigrant ethnicities. The main contributions of my work include: (1) where extant literature focuses on the macro-level relationship between immigration and crime, I look at the micro-level processes involved in immigrant victimization; (2) where extant work uses primarily social disorganization theory and assimilation theories as theoretical frameworks, I examine the role of self-control and routine activities theories; and (3) where existing work on immigration and victimization analyzes racial groups, I argue that specific ethnicities are important to consider. The results offer some support for my claims, as the effects of self-control seem to be consistently significant. However, group differences are also noticeable when looking at the effects of my various criminological measures on immigrant victimization. My analyses overall support my primary charges of the importance of criminological concepts and the need to assess disaggregated ethnic groups when assessing immigration and victimization.
Social sciences Immigration Victimization Criminology 0627:Criminology
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Wong, Allen W.
State University of New York at Albany
City of Publication