Esposito, Michael H. (2018). Inequality in process: Education, health, and income's participation as a mechanism among blacks and whites. SocArXiv.
hough prior work has provided substantial evidence to suggest that Blacks and Whites differ inhow muchtheir general health improves from educational attainment, empircal attempts that explain how these populations arrive at disparate educational effectsare sparse. In this study, to flesh out our understanding of how educational gradients manifest among racial subpopulations in the U.S, I examine how a key mediator of the education-health relationship—i.e.,income—differs, among Blacks and Whites, in how it participates as a mechanism of a college degree’s effect on general health status. I use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n= 8;823) and sequential g-estimation in this investigation. I find that income varies markedly across groups in how it participates as a mechanism of a college degree’s health status effect and that this differential behavior helps clarify Black-White disparities in educational gradients.
Esposito, Michael H.
September 11, 2018